World Water Day.
A Lot of you may not know it but March 22 was World Water Day!
This may not be a concern for you..but in Ghana it is a huge concern as clean water is a resource that the government and the people knows it needs to protect. A lot of people are starting to think that water is set to become the new global commodity and will be traded soon just like oil!
This report from GhanWeb
Water Pollution a Threat to Food Security; Globally 22nd of March is celebrated as world water day. The theme for this year is( water and food security.) This clearly points to the importance of water in as far as food production and security are concern.
WHAT IS WATER POLLUTION?
A simple definition of water pollution is the contamination of water bodies such as surface water bodies like rivers lakes, streams, dams and ground water.
WHAT IS FOOD SECURITY?
Food security exists when all people at all times have both physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meet their dietary needs for an active and healthy life.
WHAT IS THE LINK BETWEEN WATER AND FOOD SECURITY?
Food production in general require. This water comes mainly from rain and moisture store in soils (green water) or withdrawals from water course, wetlands, lakes and aquifer (blue water). At a global level, irrigated agriculture represents 20% of the total cultivated land but contributes 40% of total food produced worldwide. As far as water availability is concern two issues are very important. Quality and Quantity of water available.
THE CHALLENGES OF WATER AVAILABILITY A CONCERN IN GHANA;
Quality of water and food security; All human activities use water. Drinking, cooking, washing but mostly, for producing food. The water footprint is the total volume of fresh water that is used to produce the goods and services consumed by an individual or community or produced by a given business. While it may be obvious that we need clean water to produce our food, one may not realize huts how much water we need in production of the food that we consume every day.
For example, it takes about 1500 liters of water to produce 1kg of wheat, but it takes 10 times more to produce 1kg of beef. Producing feed crops for livestock, slaughtering and processing of meat and milk products also require large quantities of water. This show that in other to achieve and ensure for production and food security, there is the need for large quantities of clean water. As a country Ghana is well endowed with both surface and ground water. We boast of many water river systems with reasonable surface water resource.
What do you think? Are we doing enough to protect our water? Is water the new Oil?